< EDUCATION >
Ph.D. in Political Science / Kyushu University / March 2007
Dissertation: “The Reparations Movement for Chinese Forced Labor in Wartime Japan: Seeking a Place in the Global Trend toward Repairing Historical Injustices” (condensed version available as URL or PDF)
M.A. in Government / California State University, Sacramento / May 1996
Thesis: “Making Amends: The Japanese American Redress Movement, a Sacramento Perspective” (abstract available as PDF)
B.A. in Government-Journalism / CSU Sacramento / May 1988
< PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE >
2012 – present / State of California / Sacramento
Various job classifications and duties. Currently editor at Office of Professional Examination Services (OPES), California Department of Consumer Affairs (DCA). Edit test questions for broad range of professional licensure exams. Edit and rewrite memos, letters and reports related to professional licensure testing.
2008 – 2011 / NEC Electronics America / Roseville, California
Technical writer / Japanese translator at semiconductor manufacturing facility. Duties as Japanese Document Control supervisor for Line Maintenance Department included writing and translation of operation manuals, maintenance specifications, troubleshooting reports, electrical schematics, and email correspondence. As technical training facilitator, management of bilingual database and interpretation support for Japanese engineers inside clean room. (Factory was owned by NEC Electronics until 2009, merged with Renesas Electronics in 2010, and sold to Telefunken Semiconductors in 2011.)
2006 – 2008 / Kurume Institute of Technology / Fukuoka, Japan
Assistant Professor in Department of General Education at four-year university. Taught English as a Foreign Language (EFL) and English for Specific Purposes (ESP: Technical English) using CALL system. Provided extensive editorial support for English research articles by fellow faculty members in technical and medical fields. Committee work such as preparation and grading of entrance exams. Participation in Open Campus events and community lecture series.
2001 – 2006 / Fukuoka Jo Gakuin University / Fukuoka, Japan
Assistant Professor in Faculty of Humanities; founding member of Department of Representations and core teacher for Department of English as a Global Language (EAGL). Courses taught: Japan and America, Politics and Society, Mass Media, American Culture, Debate, and EFL in all four skills areas (including Academic Writing and Advanced Reading). Preparation and grading of entrance exams.
1997 – 2001 / Kurume Institute of Technology / Fukuoka, Japan
Assistant Professor (same as 2006–2008 above)
1998 – 2001 / Fukuoka University / taught EFL as Adjunct Professor
1991 – 1993 / Japan Exchange and Teaching (JET) Program / Aomori, Japan
Assistant Language Teacher (ALT) for Kawauchi-machi Board of Education. Promoted international exchange.
1988 – 1991 / Feather Publishing / Susanville and Quincy, California
City Editor / Staff Writer / Sports Editor for Lassen County Times and Feather River Bulletin newspapers
2005 – 2010 / Editorial Coordinator / The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
Contributed own research articles to peer-reviewed open source journal in Social Sciences at www.japanfocus.org. Refereed diverse range of academic manuscripts and provided editorial supervision of text and graphics.
1992 – 2010 / Freelance Writer / non-fiction articles
Credits included American Legion Magazine, Army Times, Asahi Evening News, Asahi Weekly, Asia Media (UCLA), Byline, Capper's, Cessna Owner, Far Eastern Economic Review, History News Network, Japan Times, Kansai Time Out, Los Angeles Reader, Maturity News Service, New America Media, Nishinippon Shimbun, OhmyNews, Pacific News Service, Rotarian, Ruralite, Sacramento News & Review, Seoul Times, Sierra Heritage, South China Morning Post, Singapore Straits Times, Successful Farming, Successful Retirement, Transitions Abroad, World & I, Yale Global Online, Znet. (More than 30 journalistic articles; see selected titles below.)
< RELATED EXPERIENCE >
* Member of award-winning CSUS delegation to international Model United Nations (MUN), New York (1995); Best Writing award from California Newspaper Publishers Association (1989); Health Care Journalism award from Hospital Council of Northern and Central California (1990)
* Member of editorial committee for Japan Association for College English Teaching (JACET), Kyushu-Okinawa Chapter, 1998-2006; member of chapter steering committee, 1999-2004. Past memberships in JACET, Japan Association for Language Teaching (JALT), Japan Association for Language Education and Technology (LET), Japanese Political Science Association, Midwest Political Science Association, Association for Asian Studies
* Fluency in written and spoken Japanese; medical and legal translations/ proofreading for Patients’ Rights Ombudsman Japan (www.patient-rights.or.jp); 13-year resident of Japan; travel throughout East Asia
* Volunteer participation with Kurume International Exchange Association (1997-2001) and Mutsu International Relations Association (1991–93, vice president); community involvement in United States and Japan
* Quoted/cited regarding Ph.D. research by Australian Broadcasting Corporation, The Age, The Australian, Daily Telegraph, The Economist, Global Post, Guardian, International Herald Tribune, Japan Times, New York Times, Nishinippon Shimbun, Reuters, Sekai, Shukan Gendai, South China Morning Post, Voice of America, Weekendavisen; Prime Minister Aso in Japanese parliament (2009). (See www.williamunderwood.org/citations.html)
< ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS >
A) Articles in JAPANESE UNIVERSITY JOURNALS (non-refereed):
10) From Perry to the Present: A Survey Course Exploring “Japan and America.” Bulletin of Fukuoka Jo Gakuin University, No. 14 (2004), 23-48.
9) The Changing Nature of Crime and Punishment in Japan. Bulletin of the Humanities Research Center of Fukuoka Jo Gakuin University, No. 6 (2003), 61-119.
8) Content Analysis of Speeches at University English Speech Contests. Bulletin of Fukuoka Jo Gakuin University, No. 13 (2003), 1-28.
7) Exploring American Culture: Educational Resources and One Classroom Approach. Bulletin of Fukuoka Jo Gakuin University, No. 12 (2002), 17-34.
6) Embracing Cyberspace: The Evolution of Japan's Internet Culture. Journal of the Intelligence Engineering Research Center of Kurume Institute of Technology, No. 13 (2001), 109-130.
5) In the News: Using Streaming Audio Internet Broadcasting to Improve Listening Skills and Critical Awareness. Journal of Kurume Institute of Technology, No. 24 (2000), 41-50.
4) Katakana Eigo-Real English Word List: A Loanword Approach to Vocabulary Building. Journal of Kurume Institute of Technology, No. 23 (1999), 91-108.
3) A Look at the History and Future of SeniorNet, the U.S.-based Internet Community for Senior Citizens. Journal of the Intelligence Engineering Research Center of Kurume Institute of Technology, No. 11 (1999), 55-69.
2) English Vocabulary Development Using Everyday Katakana Eigo Loanwords. Journal of Kurume Institute of Technology, No. 22 (1998), 133-146.
1) Nikkei Amerikajin no Shazai to Baisho Seikyu Undo: Sakuramento no Shiten yori (The Japanese American Redress Movement—A Sacramento Perspective). Journal of Kurume Institute of Technology, No. 22 (1998), 123-131.
B) Articles at THE ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL: JAPAN FOCUS (refereed):
See www.japanfocus.org or www.williamunderwood.org/articles.html
12) Redress Crossroads in Japan: Decisive Phase in Campaigns to Compensate Korean and Chinese Wartime Forced Laborers. July 26, 2010 (article No. 3387).
11) Assessing the Nishimatsu Corporate Approach to Redressing Chinese Forced Labor in Wartime Japan. With Kang Jian and Arimitsu Ken. Nov. 23, 2009 (article No. 3256).
10) Aso Mining’s Indelible Past: Verifying Japan’s Use of Allied POWs Through Historical Records. English translation of SEKAI article (June 2009) by Fukubayashi Toru. Aug. 17, 2009 (article No. 3204).
9) Aso Mining's Indelible Past: Prime Minister Aso Should Seek Reconciliation with Former POWs. English translation of SEKAI article (May 2009) by Fujita Yukihisa, member of Japan House of Councillors. April 19, 2009 (article No. 3127).
8) New Era for Japan-Korea History Issues: Forced Labor Redress Efforts Begin to Bear Fruit. March 8, 2008 (article No. 2689).
7) Aso Mining Company in World War II: History and Japan’s Would-Be Premier. Oct. 6, 2007 (article No. 2537).
6) Proof of POW Forced Labor for Japan’s Foreign Minister: The Aso Mines. May 28, 2007 (article No. 2432).
5) Names, Bones and Unpaid Wages: Reparations for Korean Forced Labor in Japan. Two-part series on Sept. 10 and 17, 2006 (article No. 2219 and No. 2225).
4) NHK's Finest Hour: Japan's Official Record of Chinese Forced Labor. Aug. 8, 2006 (article No. 2187).
3) Mitsubishi, Historical Revisionism and Japanese Corporate Resistance to Chinese Forced Labor Redress. Feb. 8, 2006 (article No. 1823).
2) War Responsibility in a Japanese College Classroom. Sept. 1, 2005 (article No. 2171).
1) Chinese Forced Labor, the Japanese Government and the Prospects for Redress. July 8, 2005 (article No. 1693).
* Related article: Chinese Forced-Labor Victims Press Japan to Embrace Emerging International Standards of Accountability. Yale Global Online, May 2, 2006.
* For articles I coordinated for The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus, see www.japanfocus.org or www.williamunderwood.org/articles_by_others.html
C) Books and book chapters:
1) “Chinese Forced Labor, the Japanese Government and the Prospects for Redress”, in Caroline Rose, ed., Sino-Japanese Relations: History, Politics, Economy, Security (Routledge, 2011). Chapter 26 in 1,552-page book by 66 authors (series: Critical Concepts in Asian Studies).
< ACADEMIC PRESENTATIONS >
9) Japan's Corporate Responsibilities for Wartime Forced Labor: Research and Response. Lecture by invitation at George Washington University, Sigur Center for Asian Studies, July 2010. Details here (URL).
8) Transnational Grassroots Efforts to Redress Forced Labor in Wartime Japan. Lecture by invitation at Stanford University, Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center, March 2010 (series: The American Role in Northeast Asian Reconciliation). Details here (URL and PDF).
7) The Reparations Movement for Chinese Forced Labor in Wartime Japan. Midwest Political Science Association (MPSA), 65th Annual Meeting, Chicago, April 2007. Full text of paper here (URL and PDF).
6) Reconciliation without Reparations? Redress Movements for Forced Labor in Wartime Japan. Association for Asian Studies (AAS), 59th Annual Meeting, Boston, March 2007.
5) Content Analysis of Speeches at University English Speech Contests. Japan Association for College English Teaching (JACET), Kyushu-Okinawa Chapter, 17th Chapter Conference, Oct. 2002.
4) VOA on the WWW: Resource for News and U.S. Culture. Japan Association for Language Teaching (JALT), 27th National Conference and 3rd Pan-Asian Meeting, Nov. 2001.
3) In the News: Using Streaming Audio Internet Broadcasting to Improve Listening Skills and Critical Awareness. Foreign Language Education and Technology Association (LET), Kyushu-Okinawa Chapter, 32nd Chapter Conference, June 2000.
2) Katakana Eigo Loanwords as a Tool for Developing Vocabulary: Results of an Ongoing Student Project. International Association for Applied Linguistics (AILA), 12th World Congress, Aug. 1999.
1) English Vocabulary Development Using Everyday Katakana Words. JACET Kyushu-Okinawa Chapter, 13th Chapter Conference, Nov. 1997.
* Speech by invitation: Reconciliation without Reparations? Chinese Forced Labor in Wartime Japan and the Prospects for Redress. Foreign Correspondents' Club of Japan, June 2006. Details here (URL and PDF).
< Selected Journalistic Articles >
"Nihon ha 'Hochi Kokka' ka? Amai Ho Unyo, Shakai Kiki Maneki" (Is Japan a Country with the Rule of Law? Lenient Law Enforcement Invites Social Crisis). Nishinippon Shimbun, May 14, 2003.
"Lost Innocence: Japan's New Crime and Punishment Paradigm". The World & I, Nov.-Dec. 2004.
"Rethinking Japan: College Students Speak Their Minds". The World & I, Aug. 2003.
"Embracing Cyberspace: The Evolution of Japan's Internet Culture". The World & I, June 2002.
"Coming Home: 10 Local Japanese Americans Reveal Internment Experiences". Sacramento News & Review, Aug. 24, 1995 (cover story).
"Freeing Camp Santo Tomas" (WWII liberation of Manila). American Legion Magazine, March 1995.
"Baseball Goes to War" (WWII exhibit at Major League Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY). Maturity News Service (AARP wire service), February 1995.
"Vietnam Waiting: The Embargo Has Been Lifted, But Will the Americans Come?" Los Angeles Reader, April 15, 1994 (travel article).
Asahi Evening News, 7 feature articles in 1992-1994 about Japan's nuclear fuel cycle, Nebuta festival, Aomori apple industry, California rice industry, grassroots internationalization, etc.