self-introduction my research articles articles by others quotes & credits
resume / C.V.

私の論文


RESEARCH ARTICLES I WROTE
(mainly for The Asia-Pacific Journal: JAPAN FOCUS)


16) Redress Crossroads in Japan: Decisive Phase in Campaigns to Compensate Korean and Chinese Wartime Forced Laborers
Summarizes key developments in ongoing reparations movements. Posted at Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus on July 26, 2010:
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/3387  (PDF here)

reposted at ZNet and History News Network:
http://www.zcommunications.org/redress-crossroads-in-japan-by-william-underwood and http://hnn.us/articles/129714.html

Wartime Labor Redress Efforts at Key Juncture: Campaigns to Compensate South Korean, Chinese Victims See Progress

Updated version published by Japan Times on Aug. 24, 2010:
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20100824zg.html (PDF here)
(reprinted by Straits Times on Aug. 26 as “Painstaking Bid to Reach Resolution”)


15) Assessing the Nishimatsu Corporate Approach to Redressing Chinese Forced Labor in Wartime Japan
Discusses October 2009 compensation by Japanese company to WWII victims. 
With Kang Jian and Arimitsu Ken. Posted at Japan Focus on Nov. 23, 2009:
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/3256 (PDF here)
http://www.hnn.us/roundup/entries/120213.html


14) Aso Mining’s Indelible Past: Verifying Japan’s Use of Allied POWs Through Historical Records
English translation of feature article by Fukubayashi Toru from June 2009 issue of SEKAI. Posted at Japan Focus on Aug. 17, 2009:
http://www.japanfocus.org/-Fukubayashi-Toru/3204 (PDF here)


13) WWII labor redress efforts gain traction

Recaps forced labor reparations progress involving Allied POWs, Chinese and Koreans. Published by Japan Times on July 14, 2009:
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20090714zg.html (PDF here)


12) Aso Mining's Indelible Past: Prime Minister Aso Should Seek Reconciliation with Former POWs
English translation of feature article from May 2009 issue of SEKAI by Fujita Yukihisa, member of Japan House of Councillors. Posted at Japan Focus on April 19, 2009:
http://japanfocus.org/-Fujita-Yukihisa/3127 (PDF here)


11) Corporate Japan's War Stories
Editorial placing the General Tamogami history controversy in the context of resistance to forced labor reparations by Prime Minister Aso and Japanese industry. With Mindy Kotler. Published by Far Eastern Economic Review on November 26, 2008:
http://www.feer.com/international-relations/2008/november/Corporate-Japans-War-Stories (subscription to Wall Street Journal required; PDF here)


10) WWII Forced Labor Issue Dogs Aso, Japanese Firms
Reports latest status of ongoing reparations efforts, including Aso Taro's belated acknowledgment of family ties to POW forced labor. Also looks at how Japanese industry has failed to take steps toward reconciliation with Korean and Chinese forced labor survivors. First published by Japan Times on October 28, 2008:
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20081028zg.html (PDF here)
(reprinted by South China Morning Post on November 18, 2008)


9) New Era for Japan-Korea History Issues: Forced Labor Redress Efforts Begin to Bear Fruit
Summarizes Japan's gradually improving response to the legacy of Korean forced labor during WWII. Japan is repatriating remains of military conscripts killed in the war and supplying data about their unpaid wages now held by the Bank of Japan. But there is less cooperation on the far larger system of civilian labor conscription by Japanese companies. First published by Japan Times on March 4, 2008:
Expanded Japan Focus version at
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/2689 (PDF here)
http://english.ohmynews.com/articleview/article_view.asp?menu=c10400&no=382092&rel_no=1


8) The Aso Company View of World War II
Examination of WWII revisionism found in "The 100-Year History of Aso," produced in 1975 when Aso Taro (Japan's foreign minister from 2005-2007 and possible future prime minister) headed the family firm. Includes first partial acknowledgment by Aso Taro of Aso Mining's use of POW forced labor in 1945. 
First published by Japan Times on June 26, 2007:
(PDFs in English and Japanese ... republished by Singapore Straits Times)
Expanded Japan Focus version at:
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/2537 (PDF here)


7) Aso Mining's POW Labor: The Evidence
Presents for the first time 1946 records produced by Aso Mining and the Japanese government, proving Foreign Minister Aso's family company used Allied POWs for forced labor in 1945. Includes interview of Australian ex-POW. 
First published by Japan Times on May 29, 2007:
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20070529zg.html
(PDFs in English and Japanese)
Expanded Japan Focus version at:
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/2432 (PDF here)
http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=12942


6) Names, Bones and Unpaid Wages: Reparations for Korean Forced Labor in Japan

Comprehensive account of transnational activities of the Korean forced labor redress movement. Provides overviews of the wartime labor conscription system and the postwar depositing by Japanese corporations of unpaid wages now held by the Bank of Japan. Two-part series posted at Japan Focus on September 10 and 17, 2006:
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/2225 (Part 2)
PDF file of full article (Part 1 and Part 2 combined) here


5) NHK's Finest Hour: Japan's Official Record of Chinese Forced Labor
Historical account based on 1946 records produced—and then concealed—by the Japanese state and industry, as presented in NHK's 1993 TV special and 1994 book, "The Phantom Foreign Ministry Report: Record of Chinese Forced Labor" (in Japanese). First posted at Znet on June 20, 2006:
http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=10454
http://hnn.us/articles/27053.html
http://english.ohmynews.com/articleview/article_view.asp?menu=c10400&no=301341&rel_no=1
http://www.asiamedia.ucla.edu/article.asp?parentid=51017



4) Chinese Forced-Labor Victims Press Japan to Embrace Emerging International Standards of Accountability
Highlights mismatch between Japan's approach to its forced labor past and aspirations for global leadership. Suggests factors like economics, security and international reputation could lead Japan to move beyond narrow legalism. 
First posted at YaleGlobal Online on May 2, 2006: 
http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/east-asia%E2%80%99s-troubled-waters-%E2%80%93-part-iii (PDF here)
also published in Hong Kong's South China Morning Post and Singapore's Straits Times ... shorter version at New America Media:
http://news.ncmonline.com/news/view_article.html?article_id=40298e382434db7510a4776fbb4de354


3) Mitsubishi, Historical Revisionism and Japanese Corporate Resistance to Chinese Forced Labor Redress
Describes hardening corporate attitudes as seen in Mitsubishi's historically counterfactual legal defense strategy denying Chinese forced labor. Suggests Japanese companies are on a collision course with China. 
First posted at Japan Focus on February 8, 2006: 
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/1823
(PDFs in English and Japanese)
http://www.japanfocus.org/-William-Underwood/1636
(updated 2007 version)
http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=9703
http://hnn.us/articles/21619.html


2) War Responsibility in a Japanese College Classroom
Explores victim-victimizer dichotomy and moral gray zones encountered in teaching the "Japan and America" course. Considers connections between redress movements for the Japanese American internment and Chinese forced labor and American culpability for the atomic bombings. Posted at Japan Focus on September 1, 2005: 
Shorter version at:
http://www.imdiversity.com/Villages/Asian/history_heritage/pns_japan_history_0805.asp


1) Chinese Forced Labor, the Japanese Government and the Prospects for Redress
Examines declassified smoking-gun records from 1952-72, released from Foreign Ministry archives in November 2002. Details the PM Kishi-era cover up that subverted civil society efforts to compile forced labor name rosters and repatriate remains. 
Posted at Japan Focus on July 8, 2005:
http://www.zmag.org/content/showarticle.cfm?ItemID=8245


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NOTE: For academic articles in Japanese university journals, see Resume section.